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Sculpture

 

Old Testament King, perhaps Melchisedech or David

Origin / Date Ile de France, 1140-1155
Material Lutetian limestone from the Oise valley
Dimensions 29cm high
Availability Not for sale

Description

Though sculpted in a ‘calcaire a milliolidae’ usually reserved for tympana or archivolts, at least in the best-known monuments, rather than the less porous ‘liais de Paris’ used with few exceptions for the more exposed figural sculpture, certainly in the largest ‘chantiers’, this head was most likely from such a column-statue, as first introduced at Saint-Denis under the supervision of Abbot Suger in the second quarter of the 12th century and inaugural of a new “Gothic’ style. Micro-analysis of the surface has shown that the even weathering took place over a considerable period of time, both above and in the ground, and is utterly consistent with the dating indicated by the style. In addition, and of equal importance for its documentary status, is that no portion of the surviving face has ever been subject to any later intervention (Report by CIRAM). As its style, even without pretending to great sophistication of modelling, is also consistent with that of some of the figures of the ‘Portail Royal’ or royal portal of Chartres Cathedral, more than with those of Saint-Denis, Saint-Germain-des-Prés, Angers or Notre-Dame-en-Vaux, it is potentially of considerable art-historical interest as one of the clearest examples of the influence of the so-called Head Master of Chartres.

Commentary

For a detailed description see Medieval Art in Focus VIII ‘The spirit of Chartres’ (Forthcoming 2021).

Provenance

Unknown before 2007.
Galerie Ratton-Ladrière Paris.

Literature

Unpublished

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